Research as Scrutiny. Our most demanding issues are aesthetic issues.

Keywords: art, aesthetics, metaphysics, urgent problems


Robert Bresson’s cinematography allows him to show the affordances that things and situations have for characters in a film. By intimating these affordances, Bresson authentically presents the affordances as well as the characters. The fact that Bresson views and conceives of his ‘actors’ as models, rather than as malleable actors, illustrates, again, an effort to authentically film real persons in real situations. He thus allows us, the external spectators, an authentic view of what the characters in the film see. In the process of discussing this I appeal to a view Richard Wollheim introduced, of internal spectators.


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