Ordinary Language Film Studies
Keywords:Film-Philosophy, aesthetic criticism, film studies, ordinary language philosophy
This essay explains Ordinary Language Philosophy (OLP), because it is relatively unfamiliar to those working in the field of Film-Philosophy, and proposes it as beneficial to film study. OLP provides us with a method of philosophising in relation to films that (1) is not theoretical, paradigmatic or thematic, and is therefore potentially unrestrained because it is not a priori or determining; that (2) is context sensitive, proceeding on a case-by-case basis, while also capable of synoptic overview (through connective analysis); that (3) encourages conceptual clarification and responsive articulation in order to present a perspicacious picture of individual films and our experience of them; and that (4) can act therapeutically by uncoupling us from unhelpful linguistic attachments that may restrict, helping us to see anew.
Allen, Richard, and Malcolm Turvey. 2001. Wittgenstein, Theory and the Arts. London and New York: Routledge.
Almeida, Marta. 2016. “The Concept of Law as Ordinary Language Philos- ophy.” Ph.D. diss., University of Kent.
Austin, J.L. 1964. “A Plea for Excuses.” In Ordinary Language: Essays in Philosophical Method, edited by V.C. Chappell, Contemporary Perspectives in Philosophy Series, 41–63. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Baker, Gordon. 2006. Wittgenstein’s Method: Neglected Aspects. Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell. Edited by Katherine Morris.
Baz, Avner. 2012. When Words are Called For: A Defense of Ordinary Language Philosophy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bordwell, David. 1985. Narration in the Fiction Film. Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press.
Bordwell, David, Janet Staiger, and Kristin Thompson. 1985. The Classical Hollywood Cinema: Film Style & Mode of Production to 1960. London: Routledge.
Cavell, Stanley. 2005/1969a. “Austin at Criticism.” In Must We Mean What We Say?, 97–114. New York: Cambridge University Press.
--- 2005/1969b. “Must We Mean What We Say?” In Must We Mean What We Say?, 1–44. New York: Cambridge University Press.
--- 1988. “The Politics of Interpretation (Politics as Opposed to What?).” In Themes Out of School: Effects and Causes, edited by Stanley Cavell, 27–59. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.
Connolly, William E. 1993. The Terms of Political Discourse. Third edition. Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell.
Crary, Alice, and Joel de Lara. 2019. “Who’s Afraid of Ordinary Language Philosophy? A Plea for Reviving a Wrongly Reviled Philosophical Tradition.” Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 39 (2): 317–339.
Forguson, Lynd. 2001. “Oxford and the ‘Epidemic’ of Ordinary Language Philosophy.” The Monist 84 (3): 325–345.
G.J.Warnock. 1969. English Philosophy Since 1900. second. London and Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
Hacker, P.M.S. 1996. Wittgenstein’s Place in Twentieth Century Analytic Philosophy. Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell.
--- 2013. “The Linguistic Turn in Analytic Philosophy.” In The Oxford Handbook of Analytic Philosophy (online edition), edited by Michael Beaney. Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199238842.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199238842-e-030?rskey= NhrdRd&result=1.
Hamawaki, Arata. 2010. “Teaching and Learning.” In Wittgenstein: Key Concepts, edited by Kelly Dean Jolley, 175–184. Durham: Acumen.
Hanfling, Oswald. 2001. “Wittgenstein on language, art and humanity.” In Wittgenstein, Theory and the Arts, edited by Richard Allen and Malcolm Turvey, 75–91. London and New York: Routledge.
Hutchinson, Phil. 2010. “Thinking and Understanding.” In Wittgenstein: Key Concepts, edited by Kelly Dean Jolley, 92–108. Durham: Acumen.
Klevan, Andrew. 2013. Barbara Stanwyck. London: BFI, Palgrave MacMillan.
Lash, Dominic. 2020. The Cinema of Disorientation: Inviting Confusions. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Forthcoming.
Laugier, Sandra. 2013. Why We Need Ordinary Language Philosophy. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. Translated by Daniela Ginsburg.
Macarthur, David. 2017. “On Metaphysical Quietism and Everyday Life.” In The Cambridge Companion to Philosophical Methodology, edited by Giuseppina D’Oro and Søren Overgaard, 249–273. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
Martin, Adrian. 2007. Secret Agents. http://fipresci.hegenauer.co. uk/undercurrent/issue_0407/martin_secret.htm.
Moi, Toril. 2017. Revolution of the Ordinary: Literary Studies After Wittgenstein, Austin, and Cavell. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
Morris, Katherine J. 2006. “Introduction.” In Wittgenstein’s Method: Neglected Aspects, edited by Katherine J. Morris, 1–18. Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell.
Parker-Ryan, Sally. nd. Ordinary Language Philosophy. https://www.iep. utm.edu/ord-lang/.
Perkins, V.F. 1990. “Must We Say What They Mean? Film Criticism and Interpretation.” MOVIE, no. 34:1–6.
Phillips, Adam. 1997. Terrors and Experts. London: Faber and Faber. Read, Rupert, and Phil Hutchinson. 2010. “Therapy.” In Wittgenstein: Key Concepts, edited by Kelly Dean Jolley, 149–159. Durham: Acumen.
Rée, Jonathan. 1993. “English Philosophy in the Fifties.” Radical Philosophy, no. 65:3–21.
Ryle, Gilbert. 1931. “Systematically Misleading Expressions.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 32:139–170.
--- 1970/1954. “Feelings.” In Aesthetics and Language, edited by William Elton, 56–72. Oxford, United Kingdom: Basil Blackwell.
--- 2009/1971. Collected Essays 1929-1968: Collected Papers Volume 2. London and New York: Routledge.
Wittgenstein, Ludwig. 2001/1953. Philosophical Investigations. Oxford: Blackwell. Translated G.E.M. Anscombe.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. Note: up to volume 4 issue 1, an incorrect copyright line appears in the PDFs of the articles.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).